Criminal and Felony

The terms ‘criminal’ and ‘felony’ are often times interchanged, but they are actually very distinct conditions. A criminal offense is actually a broader term,
with felonies, infractions, and misdemeanors as its three types. Once you are levied with any of these violations, you
will be held punishable according to the statutes of the justice system.

1. Felony – Known as the gravest of criminal offenses, examples of felonies include rape, murder, kidnapping, even grand theft auto and armed robbery. The
punishment for committing any of these crimes can range from incarceration, life without parole, even the death sentence.

Once convicted of a felony, you will lose several rights, such as the right to vote, and the right to carry ammunitions.

Apart from the felon, persons who have helped him can be charged by the justice system as well.

2. Misdemeanors – Touted as lesser crimes, incarceration for this type of offense is usually under a year. Other forms of punishment for misdemeanors can
include restitution, community service, or probation.

Misdemeanors differ from a felony with regards to the crime’s severity. However, misdemeanors such as driving under the influence can become a felony
especially if the accident results in injury or death.

3. Infraction – Considered the mildest of crimes, infractions, which are also known as violations, involve an individual act of deviation from local laws
and regulations. It usually does not come with jail as consequence. Instead, fines are usually levied, which can be paid on the spot or in court.

Beating the red light is considered a minor infraction, but if it results in injury or death, it can be elevated to the level of misdemeanor or felony.

You can hire an attorney in case you are filed an infraction case, but you cannot expect legal assistance from the government.

Since a brush with the law is almost always unavoidable, it is best if you are well-informed of criminal offenses and felonies – what they
entail, and what you can expect in case you commit the. After all, ignorance of the law will do you no good!

Inmates

Are you thinking of interviewing potential business partners? Or do you want to conduct a background search on your next door neighbor? One of the most
important records to search to keep you and your family or company safe is that of inmate records or documents.

Why do you need to search for inmate records?

The question should be, why not? While your new applicant or new tenant might look harmless, it pays to be vigilant when it comes to background checks.
Searching for his inmate records, if any, can give you an idea of the crime he has committed, how many years he has been convicted, and what prison he was
incarcerated in.

By conducting an inmate record search, you can monitor if he is on parole and following the mandated court probations. With so, you can report him
immediately to the authorities if you deem that he is not following court orders.

How to search for inmate records

Searching for inmate records is easy with online locator websites, such as that of the Federal Bureau of Prisons website. You can search the documents
through the finder by inputting the inmate’s ID number, or his particulars (name, race, sex and age.)

For a more specific search, you can utilize the portal of the jail where the person has been incinerated.

Apart from an online search, you can also visit the jails or penitentiaries nearby to check if a person has any existing records. This is time-consuming,
but it can give you access to records that are not available in online locator websites.

While not all freed inmates are harmful, some of them might be. Do not forsake your safety, as well as that of your family, by not conducting an inmate
record lookup. This easy and inexpensive way of document searching can give you an idea of a person’s past – and this might just give you the validation or
the peace of mind that you need.

What is a DUI or DWI?

If you are running a transportation or moving company, then you are going to need more and more professional drivers, especially if you are thinking of expanding your business. But before you hire the person in front of you, it is important that you look up how many DUI’s someone has, in order to keep your business safe and injury-free.

DUI/DWI Crimes

DUI is the acronym for the term “driving under the influence.” DWI, on the other hand, stands for “driving while intoxicated.” These crimes pertain to an instance wherein the driver operates a vehicle while his alcohol blood levels are above the legal limit (more than 0.05%.)

While DUI and DWI are usually categorized as misdemeanors or minor offenses, it can be elevated to a DUI felony record, especially if the incident has resulted to injury. Worse, he can be charged with manslaughter if his careless actions have resulted to death.

Why search for DUI/DWI crime records?

As it has been said, if you are running a transportation company (taxi or bus) or a moving company (freight) then a driver is your biggest asset. Since the cargoes of your vehicle are precious, it pays to check the applicant’s driving records.

Stumbling upon a DUI or DWI record might be common, but stumbling on many counts can be a cause of alarm, especially if the applicant has revoked license records. It is also a red flag if you see DUI felony or manslaughter in his documents – it means you should find another driver to screen.

Searching for DUI/DWI crime records

Such documents can be looked up in government websites, such as that of DMV. You can also visit the office personally if you have time.

If not, there are also private websites that provide information regarding such offenses.

DUI or DWI might be simple offenses, but numerous records mean that there is something alarming about the person’s driving habits. If you want to keep your business safe and your clients at ease, then make sure to search for these records before hiring a new driver for your company.

What is a warrant?

A warrant is defined a writ or an authorization form, dispensed by a legal or government officer (usually a judge or a magistrate) in order to search premises, or to arrest a suspected criminal who is said to be guilty of an offense or an illegal act. It is important that the police officer has this important piece of document in order to determine if your arrest is legal or
rightful.

One of the first types of warrants is the general warrant, which was issued by the English Secretary of State during the late 17th century. Because it does not have the name of the person to be arrested, it gave the arresting officers the freedom to enforce their power to
whatever size or scope they deem necessary. Because it became a means for officials to abuse their authority, this type of warrant was subsequently banned
in 1766.

Execution of Warrant

Once a warrant is issued, the execution of warrant can be performed. In this process, the person authorized to implement the warrant can
utilize rational force to seize a certain property, as he deems needed. As per the Fourth Amendment, the arresting officer should follow the “knock and
announce” ruling. However, he can proceed with a forced entry if he does not receive a prompt response from the individual who was handed the warrant.

Warrants Issued

Judges
or magistrates usually issue the following warrants:

• Search Warrant – Enables a law enforcement officer to search a person or property for crime evidence, and confiscate it as needed.
• Arrest Warrant – Dispensed in order to arrest a person accused of committing an illegal act.
• Execution Warrant – Also known as the black warrant or death warrant, it authorizes a person to receive capital punishment or the death sentence.

Should you come across with a warrant, make sure to learn about these statutes so you can make sure that your rights are respected by law enforcement
officers.

Sex offender / Neighborhood watch

While police and sheriffs are readily available to protect you from perpetrators, it is recommended that you and your neighbors take a crucial step to
protect your community from crime and vandalism. This is where the concept of neighborhood watch comes in.

What is a Neighborhood Watch?

Derived from the “Town Watch” concept of the Colonial United States, a neighborhood watch is a group of concerned residents who monitor their community and
report suspicious activity to the trained officials, so that they can investigate or rap the individuals in question.

Its key points are observation and awareness, in order to prevent crimes from happening in the community. It also improves the quality of life within the
neighborhood, because its citizens are highly-capable of keeping the area safe from perpetrators.

According to experts, a neighborhood watch is truly effective because it stops a culprit from committing a crime. It is said to be more successful than
modifying the behavior of a person who has already been able to commit a crime.

Sex Offender Watch

Apart from vandalism and violence, you and your fellow neighbors should also be aware of the sex offenders living near the area. Convicted of any of the
different sex crimes, a sex offender is required to enlist in the registry of the area where he is living in.

The offender is usually classified by level, with the low-level perpetrators having to register for only a short span of time. High-level offenders,
however, need to enlist themselves in the registry for the duration of their lifespan. This registry of crime reports is open to the masses, so that you
and your neighbors are well-aware of the status of the offender living nearby.

If you want to keep your family and friends safe, then you need examine your neighborhood in order to be aware of such crimes, so you can keep you and your
neighbors protected at all times.

Police Records

Police records, also known as criminal records, are documents that contain a person’s current charges, as well as his past crimes. This is beneficial for
future business partners, as well as lenders, to determine the individual’s trustworthiness.

If you belong to any of these categories or if you just want to make sure about the people around you, then it is a must for you to search for police
records as needed.

Who Needs Police Record Lookup?

Looking up these documents provide a wealth of information, not only for business partners or lenders. Here are some individuals or agencies that can
benefit from a police record lookup as well:

• Security officials, for the purposes of criminal investigation
• Future parents, for adoption purposes
• Persons who wish to obtain licenses (drivers, professionals, etc.)
• Tourists who wish to obtain travel or immigration visas

How to Search for Police Data Records

There are different branches of the government that can help you search for a person’s police records and arrested charges.

• Local Police Station – You can visit the police station to ask for documents about a certain individual. These records can show a person’s
neighborhood nicknames, as well as his gang affiliation, if any.
• FBI – For a more comprehensive police data check, you can visit the Federal Bureau of Investigation. You can request for a person’s records by
submitting a request containing the individual’s particulars, such as his name, date and place of birth, fingerprints, if available.
• Online Search – If you do not have time to visit these agencies, you can search for police records through the online portals of local or federal
security bureaus by providing the required information.

Whether you are an employer, a lender, or a tourist looking for valuable data, then a police record lookup is what you need to do. With the useful facts
that this document can give you, you can make a sound judgment and keep yourself, your family and your company safe from evildoers.

Types of Arrests

Arrests are carried out by police officers and other authorized officials in order to oblige the arrests to obey the law. There are different types of arrest that you should familiarize yourself with:

Police Arrest

The most common type of arrest, it is usually carried out by police officials to apprehend suspected criminal. While the ratification of the Fourth
Amendment in 1791 permits law officers to take individuals who have committed offenses into custody, the Fifth Amendment
protects the arrests from self-incrimination by requiring officers to narrate the Miranda rights prior to the arrest.

An arrest is deemed lawful if it contains the following elements: the officer’s intent, the lawful authority of the official, the arrests detention, and
the perception of the individual that he has been arrested.

In this process, the arrests person shall be informed why he was arrested, before the official places handcuffs on the person’s wrists.
He should then be patted down to check for weapons or contraband. Personal property will then be removed before he is escorted to the police patrol or
other type of vehicle available.

Citizen’s Arrest

An act guaranteed by the Ninth Amendment, a citizen’s arrest allows a plain resident to raid suspects of a crime in order
to defend himself or other individuals. Nowadays, conducting citizen’s arrest is permitted in every state, except North Carolina.

House Arrest

An alternative to jail time, a house arrest can be catered to an individual before his sentencing or trial order. The arrests cannot leave his home,
except during circumstances associated with his employment. This kind of arrest usually requires the use of monitoring devices, to ensure that the arrests
is always within the premises.

In instances wherein arrests are unavoidable, it is best if you are informed of its different kinds, and what rights you are entitled to.

What is an arrest?

An arrest is defined as the process of denying an individual’s freedom in response to criminal investigation or prevention. It is also carried out in order
to present the arrested person (arrests) to a procedure as mandated by the criminal justice system.

Who Can Carry Out an Arrest?

The police, army personnel and other governing bodies can carry out an arrest. American citizens (with the exception of
North Carolina residents) can also arrest known suspects of a crime, in an act called citizen’s arrest.

What Will Happen During an Arrest?

If the arresting officer believes that you are guilty of a certain offense, he should clarify your Miranda rights before placing your handcuff.

Afterwards, you will be brought to the police station where you will be held in custody for further questioning. You will then be searched
and the officials will have to check and raid through your possessions while you are under their guardianship.

You can only be detained for 24 hours, and if no crime is posted, you should be released.

Your Rights

While in custody, you must know that you have the following rights (Miranda rights), in order to prevent any untoward abuse or
maltreatment from officials:
• The right to be silent.
• The right to get an attorney, or be appointed one if you cannot afford the fees.
• Should you decide to answer questions, you have the right to stop any time until you speak with your attorney.
• The right to medical assistance if you are sick.
• The right to inform someone regarding your whereabouts.

More Tips

Should you be arrested, do not panic, make any threats or get in a ruckus with the officer. Most importantly, make sure to attend all of the hearings as
mandated by the court.

When it comes to an arrest, it is vital that you know your rights. You must be well-informed of the circumstances so as not to end up with more brushes
against the law.