What is a warrant?

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A warrant is defined a writ or an authorization form, dispensed by a legal or government officer (usually a judge or a magistrate) in order to search premises, or to arrest a suspected criminal who is said to be guilty of an offense or an illegal act. It is important that the police officer has this important piece of document in order to determine if your arrest is legal or
rightful.

One of the first types of warrants is the general warrant, which was issued by the English Secretary of State during the late 17th century. Because it does not have the name of the person to be arrested, it gave the arresting officers the freedom to enforce their power to
whatever size or scope they deem necessary. Because it became a means for officials to abuse their authority, this type of warrant was subsequently banned
in 1766.

Execution of Warrant

Once a warrant is issued, the execution of warrant can be performed. In this process, the person authorized to implement the warrant can
utilize rational force to seize a certain property, as he deems needed. As per the Fourth Amendment, the arresting officer should follow the “knock and
announce” ruling. However, he can proceed with a forced entry if he does not receive a prompt response from the individual who was handed the warrant.

Warrants Issued

Judges
or magistrates usually issue the following warrants:

• Search Warrant – Enables a law enforcement officer to search a person or property for crime evidence, and confiscate it as needed.
• Arrest Warrant – Dispensed in order to arrest a person accused of committing an illegal act.
• Execution Warrant – Also known as the black warrant or death warrant, it authorizes a person to receive capital punishment or the death sentence.

Should you come across with a warrant, make sure to learn about these statutes so you can make sure that your rights are respected by law enforcement
officers.


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